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Home » Western India
Surat
Surat Map Standing on the banks of the River Tapti, Surat in the state of Gujarat was one time the west coast's principal port before the stunning rise & development of Bombay. Parsis first settled in Surat as early as the 12th century. In 1573, Surat fell to the Mughal emperor Akhbar after a extended siege. It then became an important Mughal trading port and also the point of departure for Muslim pilgrims seeking to visit Mecca. Surat's fortunes transformed the city.

In 1612, the British arrived, followed by the Dutch in 1616. This represented the East India Company's first foothold in India. Surat might finally have gone on to accomplish the outstanding fortunes reserved for Bombay. However, fire and floods destroyed the town in 1837, forcing the town's Jain and Parsi merchants south to Bombay. Today, it remains an important textile-manufacturing centre. Over 90% of the world's diamonds are also processed and completed here, a legacy of the Elderly Dutch trade links. As such, Surat is named the - Diamond capital of the world.

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