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Home »Northern India
Patna
Patna MapPatna is the capital of the state of Bihar and is situated on the southern bank of the holy river, Ganges. The dusty and crowded city of Patna, as they see it today, was one time on a time, the most esteemed seats of power and learning in ancient India, being the capital of the mighty Magadh and Mauryan empires. Even today, there exist lots of fascinating monuments here that remind of the rich past of this city. The history of the city dates back to two,500 years ago when it was founded on the confluence of the rivers Ganga, Sone, Punpun and Gandak by the Magadhan king, Ajatshatru, who named it Pataligram. Later, the city was given names such as Kusumpur, Pataliputra, and finally Patna. The glory of Patna started with the Mauryan emperor, Chandragupta who made Pataliputra the capital of his empire, extending from the Gangetic plains to the area which is Afghanistan today. The city reached the zenith of its glory in the coursework of the reign of Emperor Ashoka, a follower of Buddhism and of the great kings of India. The city was the centre of power till the finish of the Gupta period, after which it started languishing continuously, for a long period. It was revived with the approaching of Sher Shah to the stool of Delhi after which the city became the capital of the Bengal province.

Patna Facts

• Area 107.08 sq. km
• Population 1,683,200
• Altitude 53 metres above the sea level
• Languages Hindi, English
• Best Time to Visit October to March
• STD Code 0612

Tourist Attractions in Patna

Shershah Masjid was built here by Sher Shah Suri, an Afghan chieftain, when he became the ruler of Delhi. It is a stunning mosque constructed in pure Afghani style. Excavations at Kumhrar have unearthed parts of the ancient Mauryan city of Pataliputra. Har Mandir Temple which is the next most important pilgrimage for Sikhs following the Golden Temple at Amritsar is also located here. Golghar, originally built as a granary by the British, has now become of the most popular tourist spots of the city. The Jalan Museum showcases an excellent collection of silver & jade filigree work belonging to the Mughal period. The Bihar Institute of Handicraft & Design is making attempts to revive elderly crafts of the state.

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