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Home » North East India
kolkata
The area at the lower finish of the famous Kolkata (formerly Calcutta) is a city that means lots of things to lots of people. For some, it is the city of joy, while for others it is dirty, crowded, and noisy. It is of the major Metropolitan city of India.Kolkata is not an ancient city like Delhi. Like Mumbai and Chennai, it originated largely due to the expansionist ambitions of the European powers, the British Raj. Small wonder, Kolkata has some of the finest Raj edifices built in variety of styles. Kolkata was the first capital of the British in India. The city was established in 1686 when the British moved to the small villages of Sutanati, Govindpur, and Kalikata from their trading port of Hooghly Lord Clive retook Kolkata after it was invaded and took away by Siraj-Ud-Daula(Nawab of Bengal) in 1756 and until 1911, it remained the capital of the British government in India.

Kolkota Facts

• Area 185.39 sq. km

• Population 43,99,819

• Altitude 5.5 metres above sea level

• Languages Bengali, Hindi, and English

• Best time to visit October to March

• STD code 033


Tourist Attractions in Kolkota: In the city, the imposing marble Victoria Memorial that was opened by the Prince of Wales in 1921 is often called the ‘Taj’ of the British Raj. It overlooks the grassy Maidan, the city’s green belt or ‘lung’.

Other popular sights include New Market - a bazaar on Chowringhee Road, the stately Indian Museum founded in 1814 & the oldest & largest in India, Park Street Cemetery where plenty of well-known figures from the Raj lie buried, St Paul’s Cathedral & the bizarre Marble Palace which houses paintings by Rubens, Titian & Reynolds.
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